Forceps Delivery Injury Lawyers | Birth Injury | HI

Forceps Delivery Complications

Forceps Delivery Injury Lawyers in Honolulu, Hawaii

Most birth injuries are minor and treatable with the proper monitoring and treatment. Still, birth injuries are not rare. Forceps delivery should only be used in a fetal crisis or prolonged labor when the baby cannot readily pass through the birth canal since they increase the risk of trauma and problems.

Call SRB Hawaii Law to arrange a free case evaluation to review your family’s legal rights concerning your baby’s avoidable birth trauma brought on by medical malpractice. Our talented Honolulu forceps delivery injury lawyers will review your sensitive information and fight for justice on your behalf.

Forceps or vacuum extraction must be used with caution by an obstetrician. A serious birth injury can be brought on by the improper use of forceps during an acute delivery process. Regardless of how the medical professional portrays it, using forceps is challenging.


Why do you need an attorney for forceps delivery complications?

It might be challenging to file a medical malpractice lawsuit for a forceps delivery injury without the assistance of our forceps delivery injury lawyers. Your doctor or any medical professional who attended your delivery may have impacted your or your baby’s current health.

We can assist you in: 

  • Determining fault, 
  • Showing that the medical professional fell short of the required level of care, and 
  • Determining the damages you may be entitled to. 

These damages could result in a sizable cash recovery once they are established. Discuss your case with one of our skilled Birth Injury Lawyer in Honolulu immediately to get started on the path to physical and financial recovery.

What Are the Common Types of Forceps Delivery?

Depending on where the baby’s head is in the birth canal, there are four possible forceps classifications:

forceps delivery complications attorney

Outlet Forceps Delivery

When the baby’s head is visible between contractions without parting the labia and has reached the pelvic floor, an outlet forceps delivery takes place.

Low Forceps Delivery

A low forceps delivery is necessary when the baby’s head is at or below +2 station but has not yet contacted the pelvic floor.

Mid-Forceps Delivery

A mid-forceps delivery occurs when the baby’s head is engaged in the mother’s pelvis but is above +2 station. Several residency programs in the United States no longer need competency in mid-forceps delivery. Contrary to challenging mid-forceps delivery, a C-section is frequently advised.

High Forceps Delivery

In contemporary obstetrics, high forceps deliveries are no longer performed. The baby’s head was not engaged in the pelvis during this delivery. Nowadays, a C-section is the usual delivery method in this situation.

What are the different indications for forceps use?

Reasons to use forceps include avoiding C-sections, speeding up delivery, and general applicability with cephalic presentation (baby is in a straight line and with head entering pelvis first). Indications include:

Maternal Factors

  • Maternal fatigue
  • Prolonged second stage of labor
  • Maternal conditions that make pushing difficult or dangerous, such as heart disease, hypertension, preeclampsia, an aneurysm, etc.
  • Bleeding
  • Medications or analgesics that hinder a mother from pushing with force

Fetal Factors

  • Unsettling fetal heart tracing 
  • After-coming head-in breech delivery

What are the prerequisites before a forceps delivery can occur?

A few conditions must also be met before a forceps delivery can take place. These medical requirements comprise the following:
  • The infant’s head has to be turned
  • Completely dilated cervix
  • Rupture of the membranes 
  • Knowledge of the fetal position and presentation 
  • Knowledge of fetal size via clinical pelvimetry
  • Effective anesthesia
  • Empty uterine bladder
  • The mother must have received a thorough explanation of the procedure’s risks.
  • If the forceps are ineffective or labor takes too long, it is necessary to be willing to give up on an attempt.
  • The doctor needs to be knowledgeable and adept at using forceps.

What are the contraindications for forceps use?

A doctor should not try the technique when using forceps or a vacuum extractor to deliver a baby is discouraged by other medical staff or external circumstances.
Both the mother and the infant would be more likely to sustain injuries as a result. You should avoid a forceps delivery for a variety of reasons, such as:
  • The baby has weak bones;
  • The baby has bleeding, or clotting issues;
  • The infant is still elevated above the delivery canal’s midpoint;
  • Unknown baby’s presentation or position;
  • The infant is on breech presentation; or
  • There’s a chance the infant won’t fit through the delivery canal.

What can be the possible risks to the mother during a forceps delivery?

The mother and the infant may suffer injuries during forceps deliveries. The mother frequently sustains the following injuries:
  • Damage to the lower urinary tract, which can lead to infections, incontinence, pain, edema, and trouble urinating;
  • Uterine rupture, which occurs when the baby is forced through the uterus and into the abdominal cavity during delivery;
  • Internal bleeding;
  • Weakened pelvic muscles that cannot keep the pelvic organs in place, resulting in pelvic organ prolapse.

Injuries from misusing forceps can be avoided. Medical staff should proceed with caution when deciding to use forceps, such as when performing a delivery with this surgical tool.

What Can Be the Possible Risks to the Baby During a Forceps Delivery?

During a forceps delivery, the baby is at risk for various issues and may have already endured trauma. Medical professionals frequently request forceps deliveries due to fetal distress and are often the last resort before an urgent cesarean section.
The following are the most typical newborn injuries sustained during a forceps birth.
  • Facial injuries, which may include paralysis of facial muscles or even Erb’s palsy;
  • Skull and other bone fractures;
  • The skull may swell or bleed internally, even without a fracture caused by an injury to the baby’s head during delivery.
  • Seizures resulting from significant brain damage.
  • Shoulder injuries like shoulder dystocia or brachial plexus injuries.
Forceps may be used to save a patient’s life, but doing so frequently puts the mother and the child at risk for serious injuries and long-term health issues. Rarely do forceps delivery result in severe injury, in which case the parents must sue the doctor or hospital for medical malpractice for their carelessness or wrongdoing.

When is a forceps delivery considered a medical malpractice?

Many people are unaware that not every situation where surgery doesn’t go according to plan qualifies as malpractice in the legal sense. Simply expressing dissatisfaction with the outcome does not constitute negligence on the medical professional’s part.
You can only have a viable medical malpractice claim if the medical professional departed from a sufficient standard of care, resulting in injury to you or your child. In a forceps delivery malpractice case, you must show the following to establish negligence:
  • A qualified practitioner of the same specialization would not have made the same errors of judgment as the attending physician or nurse.
  • The mother or child suffered an injury due to that lapse of judgment.
  • The injury the child or mother sustained resulted in more suffering, necessitated further medical attention or surgery to repair, or was deadly.
If a medical expert missed important indicators that the use of the equipment would endanger the mother or child, they might be held accountable. Examples of using forceps negligently include:
  • Using forceps when the head is deeply engaged;
  • Using forceps to deliver a baby lying transversely or in the breech position;
  • Use of forceps before the mother’s cervix has fully dilated;
  • The medical professional could not grasp the infant’s head; or
  • When a C-section should be performed because the baby’s head cannot pass through the mother’s cervix, the medical expert tries to deliver the infant using forceps.
It can be tough to prove medical negligence, and it’s frequently harder than in other personal injury cases. The medical provider, the institution, and the insurance provider will probably take all reasonable precautions to limit their exposure to responsibility.
To prove that the medical professional’s activities fell short of the required standard of care, our competent forceps delivery injury lawyers will conduct an investigation, gather evidence, speak with those involved, and seek the advice of medical experts.

What damages are owed to my family as a result of forceps delivery complications?

Remember that you are not alone. Others who suffered similar tragedies were granted the compensation they required to cover their medical expenses and guarantee that their child could receive the best care available, both now and for however long it may be necessary for the future. 
Generally speaking, you might be qualified to request compensation for
  • Medical costs (current and future);
  • Lost wages for women who are disabled and unable to work;
  • Reduced future earning potential;
  • Inability to enjoy life; or
  • Physical and emotional pain brought on by the damage.
We will assess the scope of your injuries and estimate the impact those injuries will have on your life, both now and in the future, if you choose one of our caring Honolulu forceps delivery injury lawyers to represent you. 
We will vigorously pursue a comprehensive settlement agreement to cover all of the costs you have incurred or may incur. We will be ready to file a birth injury lawsuit in court if the insurance provider doesn’t offer a fair settlement.

How Do You Win a Trial of Negligent Forceps Use?

The first thing you need to do is retain one of our knowledgeable forceps delivery injury lawyers. If you’re in Honolulu or anyplace else in Hawaii, you should check out SRB Hawaii Law and our track record of success. You’ll also require the top medical professionals. Any birth injury case involving a brain injury must, at the very least, include the testimony of a pediatric neurologist and an OB/GYN.


Most birth injury cases, including forceps, are resolved without a trial. Everyone is pushed toward a settlement as a compromise because of the stakes in terms of money and risk. However, it is a rare birth injury case resolved without litigation and numerous pre-trial petty arguments. The victims need to make little effort. Most disputes between lawyers over experts, fact witnesses, and other case-related facts revolve around this.


Did you know that your state has a deadline for filing a medical malpractice claim? Basic regulations regarding proof, filing status, and evidence are also present in every state. In Hawaii, you must file medical malpractice claims within two years from the date the injury or illness took place. However, for injured minors, the clock on the statute of limitations stops until the youngster is eighteen. 

You can learn more about Hawaii’s statutes of limitations and repose by speaking with one of our skilled forceps delivery injury lawyers. Whether or not your child has yet to exhibit any signs of their injuries, the statute of repose will prevent you from obtaining compensation. Contact SRB Hawaii Law. We can assist you in submitting your claim on time and avoiding having the statute of repose affect your case.

Our Hawaii forceps delivery injury lawyers are ready to help you!

Medical negligence occurs when rules and standards of care are not followed. Medical malpractice is committed if the newborn suffers harm due to this negligence.

Selecting a lawyer and firm that only handles birth injury claims is crucial if you need legal representation for your birth injury case. Our law office has assisted children who suffered birth injuries for years. We have received various honors for our assistance with birth-injury children.

Our distinguished forceps delivery injury lawyers in Honolulu could assist you if your child were identified as having a birth injury, such as cerebral palsy, a seizure disorder, or hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We provide personalized care to each child and family we represent and have assisted children throughout Hawaii in obtaining compensation for ongoing therapy, lifelong treatment, and a secure future.

SRB Hawaii Law offers a free case evaluation via email or telephone. The competent Honolulu forceps delivery injury lawyers at our office are always accessible to talk with you.

SRB Hawaii Law


SRB Hawaii Law

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